Applying the T-Test to a Sample Dataset

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Answered | Verified A-average Rating

The purpose of this assignment is to learn how to apply the t-test to a sample dataset.
For this assignment, students will use IBM SPSS Statistics and the “Example Dataset.”
Using the “Example Dataset” and SPSS, apply the t-test to assess the following statement: “Men and women have different incomes in this city.”
Show your calculations and copy of the SPSS output in a Word document.
In a separate 250-500 Word document, address the following questions:
Describe what t-test is the most appropriate and explain why. Discuss whether you used a one-tailed or two-tailed test and explain why.
Using SPSS, calculate the t-test and provide the test statistic and critical value assuming an alpha of .05.
Calculate the effect size using r2.
Interpret the results by (a) stating the reason the study or test was done, (b) presenting the main results, (c) explaining what the results mean, and (d) making suggestions for future research.
Submit both Word documents to the instructor.
APA style is not required, but solid academic writing is expected.

CONTENT:

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Biostatistics – Using T-Test
Your Name
Subject and Section
Professor’s Name
December 6, 2019

Statistics can be applied in almost all facets of human’s daily lives. From minute applications such as personal finances to societal analysis (i.e., income differences per group) statistics can be used to determine possible patterns and allow individuals to make wise decisions accordingly. In this paper, this importance was shown by analyzing how gender relates to the income differences in a particular city. Specifically, the question that was sought to be answered was; whether or not “Men and women have different incomes in this city.” In the succeeding sections of this article, the author would discuss about the calculations made in order to reach his conclusion.
Independent T-Test

The t-test is one of the most utilized test in the field of statistics. It allows the researcher to determine whether there is an underlying pattern between the mean (or average) of two different groups (Kenton, 2019). In this research, the t-test used is a “independent t-test” since we only have two sample populations (men vs. women), whose salaries are not based on the results of the other. The independent t-test allows the researcher to determine whether or not the mean differences between men’s and women’s salary are really significant or based solely on chance (Chieh, n.d.).
Additionally, the author would use a two tailed test since the determination of salary differences aims to know whether one group ‘earns more’ or the other ‘earns less’ than the other. In other words, the confirmation from both sides of the curve is essential since both tails could show differences in income between the groups.

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Undergraduate
Instructions:
Option #1: Differences in Hearts Each person has a unique set of circumstances that lead to a unique heart, but there are some trends where we see consistent similarities. For example, how does a runner’s heart perform differently from that of the average non-runner? How do infant’s hearts work differently from adult hearts? Is there a difference in male and female hearts? Pick any two groups of people that interest you (they do not have to be one of the groups just mentioned) to compare for this assignment. Address the following points in your paper: 1) Describe the function of the heart. 2) Trace the flow of blood through the heart to the rest of the body. 3) Describe what a healthy heart sounds like; what a healthy heart rate is; and what a healthy blood pressure is. 4) Compare and contrast heart sounds, heart rate, and blood pressure in the two groups of focus for your paper. 5) Are the sounds, heart rate, and blood pressure in these groups of people healthy, or is there a problem? Explain. 6) What was most interesting about comparing these two groups? Essay Requirements: Your cohesive and well-organized essay should be at least 1-2 pages in length, double spaced. Include at least one scholarly reference in addition to the course textbook. The CSU-Global Library is a good place to find these references. Include a title page and a references page. Follow the CSU-Global Guide to Writing and APA.
2 pages / approx 550 words
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APA
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Biological & Biomedical Sciences
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English (US) 🇺🇸
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Essay
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Undergraduate
Instructions:
You will be expected to find current news articles pertaining to the current topics in the Strategy course and to describe issues related to the 3C’s and 4P’s. Most often, firms that are in the news are in the news for a “bad” reason – they’ve made a mistake and lost customer support which has led to declining purchases, negative word of mouth, etc. Using the week’s relevant material, I’d like for you to: 1. Tell me what the problem is (the firm is experiencing problems because…..) 2. Suggest 1-2 reasons for why the firm might be struggling (e.g., the firm is struggling because it produced a product that is inconsistent with the brand image or the firm is struggling because a competitor produced a better product) 3. Propose a reasonable way forward (i.e., what the firm can do to mitigate losses or to recover from losses in profits). By “reasonable,” I mean a solution the firm could actually implement in order to improve. This recommendation should be specific (not, “I recommend the firm research what consumers want or the firm needs to advertise on social media) and should follow logically from your analysis on the first two points. Full marks will be awarded to assignments with a specific, logical plan of action that makes sense given potential budget constraints. If you recommend overly expensive social media or advertising campaigns without considering the firm’s budget and resources, your recommendation is likely to be considered one that is superficial. That is, your recommendation should be feasible and reasonable, especially given the current economic climate with tight budgets. Your assignment should be no more than 2 pages, double spaced, 12 point font. If you prefer to write less, that is fine as long as you answer the questions put forth above. You will complete four of these assignments and I will drop your lowest score. Because of this policy, I will not accept late submissions. Perhaps unsurprisingly components 2 and 3 above are the most important parts of the assignment and will be weighed most heavily. All material should come from current issues in the news – I do not want you focusing on problems firms faced and “solved” a year ago, I want you to focus on the issues of that week. Trusted news sources include many major media outlets (WSJ, Financial Times, NY Times) as well as marketing trade publications (American Marketing Association, AdWeek). Please avoid using opinion pieces for the basis as they are not held to the same standards of journalistic integrity and might be biased. I will provide feedback on your written assignments – as such, they might take some time to grade, especially if I am unable to access consistent childcare during the pandemic (1-2 weeks). Please keep this in mind.
2 pages / approx 550 words
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APA
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Business & Marketing
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Case Study
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Undergraduate
Instructions:
I need a cover letter to apply job and intern in business-related, so I need a writer familiar with what IBD and business-related companies want in the cover letter, I have two master’s degrees!!! I’m currently studying finance, the other master’s degree I’ve already done is in applied econ and management, you can see detail in my resume. Also, I will upload a template of the cover letter my teacher gave me which the writer could take a look at, although most cover letter in the template only has few sentences, please try to write more as it could show my strongpoint and related experience
1 page / approx 275 words
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APA
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Business & Marketing
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English (US) 🇺🇸
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Other (not listed)
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Undergraduate
Instructions:
Please write for the CMO or experienced HK marketing manager persona Please reference quotes or stats please refer to this website instead: https://oxygenbuilder(dot)com/blog/ Talk about Neil Patel and Google Analytics, the rest you can google. Watch this video to get more insights.
2 pages / approx 550 words
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Communications & Media
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English (US) 🇺🇸
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Essay
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MLA
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Undergraduate
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